For connecting a database with the application 5 steps are given –

1) Register the driver class

2) Creating connection

3)Creating statement

4)Executing queries

  • Closing connection

1) Register the driver class

To register the driver class forName() method of Class class is used. This method is mainly used to dynamically load the driver class.

Syntax :

public static void forName(String className)throws



Example to register the Oracle driver class :


1.          Class.forName(“oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver”);

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2) Create connection object

To establish connection with the database getConnection() method of DriverManager class is used.

Syntax :

1.     1) public static Connection getConnection(String url)throws SQLException

2.     2) public static Connection getConnection(String url,String name,

3.          String password)  throws SQLException

Example to establish connection with the Oracle database

1.         Connection con=DriverManager.getConnection

2.          ( “jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:xe”,”system”,”password”);

3) Create  Statement object

To create statement object The createStatement() method of Connection interface is used. The object of statement is mainly used to execute queries with the database. Advanced java training in bangalore

1.       Syntax : public Statement createStatement()throws SQLException

  Example to create the statement object

1.       Statement stmt=con.createStatement();

4) Execute the query

To execute queries to the database executeQuery() method of Statement interface is used. This method returns the object of ResultSet that can be used to get all the records of a table.

Syntax of executeQuery() method

1.     public ResultSet executeQuery(String sql)throws SQLException

Example to execute query.     ResultSet rs=stmt.executeQuery(“select * from emp”);


System.out.println(rs.getInt(1)+” “+rs.getString(2));


5) Close the connection object

By closing connection object statement and ResultSet will be closed automatically. The close() method of Connection interface is used to close java course in Bangalore the connection.

Syntax  :

public void close()throws SQLException

Example to close connection


Connection with Oracle database :

To connect  java application with the oracle database, we need to follow 5 steps to perform database connectivity. Before that some information is needed :

1.     Driver class: The driver class for the oracle database is oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver.

2.     Connection URL: The connection URL for the oracle database is jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:xe where jdbc is the API, oracle is the database, thin is the driver, localhost is the server name on which oracle is running, , 1521 is the port number and XE is the Oracle service name. Username: The default username for the oracle database is system. Java course in Bangalore

3.     Password: Password is given by the user at the time of installing the oracle database.

Steps :

step1 :    load the driver class


step2:  create  the connection object

Connection con=DriverManager.getConnection

( “jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:xe”,”system”,”oracle”);

step3:  create the statement object

Statement stmt=con.createStatement();

step4:  execute query

ResultSet rs=stmt.executeQuery(“select * from emp”);


System.out.println(rs.getInt(1)+”  “+rs.getString(2)+”  “+rs.getString(3));


step5:  close the connection object

11.                       con.close();

What is JDBC Drivers ? best core java training in bangalore

JDBC Driver is a software component that enables java application to interact with the database. There are 4 types of JDBC drivers:

1.     JDBC-ODBC bridge driver

2.     Native-API driver (partially java driver)

3.     Network Protocol driver (fully java driver)

4.     Thin driver (fully java driver)

1) JDBC-ODBC bridge driver

The JDBC-ODBC bridge driver uses ODBC driver to connect to the database. The JDBC-ODBC bridge driver converts JDBC method calls into the ODBC function calls. This is now discouraged because of thin driver.

2) Native-API driver

The Native API driver uses the client-side libraries of the database. The driver converts JDBC method calls into native calls of the database API. It is not written entirely in java.

3) Network Protocol driver

The Network Protocol driver uses middleware (application server) that converts JDBC calls directly or indirectly into the vendor-specific database protocol. It is fully written in java. Core and advanced java institute in marathahalli

4) Thin driver

The thin driver converts JDBC calls directly into the vendor-specific database protocol. That is why it is known as thin driver. It is fully written in Java language.

This is the short description about the JDBC connectivity . To get the more knowledge on java for getting a job as java developer join Infocampus Software Training Institute .

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